1. 0.400 mole of sucrose, C12H22O11, contains ________ moles of C. 1pt
c) 5.02 × 1022
d) 6.02 × 1023
e) 2.89 × 1024
2. Which of the following gives the balanced equation for this reaction?
K3PO4 + Ca(NO3)2 → Ca3(PO4)2 + KNO3
a) 2K3PO4 + Ca(NO3)2 → Ca3(PO4)2 + 6KNO3
b) KPO4 + CaNO3 + KNO3
c) 2K3PO4 + 3Ca(NO3)2 → Ca3(PO4)2 + 6KNO3
d) K3PO4 + Ca(NO3)2 → Ca3(PO4)2 + KNO3
e) K3PO4 + Ca(NO3)2 → Ca3(PO4)2 + 3KNO3
3. Calculate the molar mass of magnesium chloride, MgCl2 1 pt
a) 59.76 g/mole
b) 70.90 g/mole
c) 95.21 g/mole
d) 125.9 g/mole
e) 24.31 g/mole
4. In the kinetic molecular theory of gas behavior, the assumption is made
that gas molecules ________.
a) move with a kinetic energy equal to their centigrade temperature
b) move rapidly in random directions
c) are attracted to each other by strong forces
d) are close together in their container
e) occasionally come to rest
5. Allyl sulfide C6H10S, is the substance that gives garlic, onions, and leeks
their characteristic odor. Some studies indicate that garlic may be
beneficial for the heart and in lowering cholesterol. How many grams
of C are in 25.8 g of C6H10S?
6. According to Boyle’s Law, it has been observed that as the pressure of a
gas increases, the volume of the gas decreases. The Kinetic Theory of
gases explains this observation with which of the following statements:
a) The gas particles get bigger.
b) The kinetic energy of the gas particles increases.
c) The gas particles strike the walls of the container more often.
d) The temperature of the gas increases.
e) The gas particles strike the walls of the container with more force.
7. Balance the following reaction
8. A patient received 2.0 g of NaCl in 8 hours . How many milliliters of a
0.40 % (m/v) NaCl (saline) solution were delivered?
9. Use the kinetic molecular theory of gases to explain the following: The
pressure of a gas increases with increasing temperature.
a) At a higher temperature, the number and force of collisions against
the walls of the container is greater.
b) At a higher temperature, gas particles have lower kinetic energy.
c) As temperature increases, concentration of gas molecules in a
d) The attractive forces between the particles of a gas increase with
10. When 4 moles of aluminum are allowed to react with an excess of
chlorine gas, Cl2, how many moles of aluminum chloride are produced?
2Al + 3Cl2 → 2AlCl3
a) 1 mole
b) 2 moles
c) 3 moles
d) 4 moles
e) 5 moles
11. Acetylene gas, C2H2, reacts with oxygen according to the following
equation. If 1 mole of acetylene react completely with sufficient oxygen,
how many moles of carbon dioxide are produced?
C2H2 + O2 → CO2 + H2O
12. A solution which has 12 g of solute dissolved in 200.mL of solution has a
m/v concentration of ________.
13. Which of the following is a neutralization reaction? 1 pt
a) xcH2O(l) + SO3(g) → H2SO4(aq)
b) 2NO2(g) → 2NO(g) + O2(g)
c) HNO3(aq) + KOH(aq) → H2O (l) + KNO3(aq)
d) KCl (aq) + NaNO3(aq) → KNO3(aq) + NaCl(aq)
e) 4Na(s) + O2(g) → 2Na2O(s)
14. Hyperbaric therapy uses 100% oxygen at pressure to help heal wounds
and infections, and to treat carbon monoxide poisoning. A hyperbaric
chamber has a volume of 1610 L . How many kilograms of O2 gas are
needed to give an oxygen pressure of 1.62 atm at 23 ∘C?
15. Which of the following molecules can form hydrogen bonds? 1 pt
16. According to the Brønsted-Lowry definition, ________. 1 pt
a) a base is a proton acceptor
b) an acid is a proton acceptor
c) an acid acts as the solvent
d) a base produces H+ ions in aqueous solutions
e) a base is a proton donor
17. When MgO is added to water, will the salt be soluble or insoluble?
18. When 25.0 g of KClO3 reacts, how many grams of O2 are produced?
KClO3 → KCl + O2
19. A solution containing 79.8 g of NaNO3 in 75.0 gH2O at 50 ∘C is cooled to
20 ∘C. Use the solubility data from the table below.
Substance 20∘C 50∘C
KCl 34.0 42.6
NaNO3 88.0 114.0
C12H22O11 (sugar) 203.9 260.4
How many grams of NaNO3 remain in solution at 20 ∘C?
How many grams of solid NaNO3 came out of solution after cooling?
20. Pentane gas, C5H12, undergoes combustion with oxygen to produce
carbon dioxide and water.
. a) Write the balanced chemical equation
b) How many grams of C5H12 are needed to produce 85 g of water?
a) How many grams of CO2 are produced from 26.1 g of O2?
21. What is the molarity of a solution containing 5.0 moles of KCl in 2.0 L of
a) 4 M
b) 25 M
c) 2.5 M
d) 5.0 M
e) 10. M
22. What volume of 0.10 M NaOH can be prepared from 250. mL of 0.30 M
23. Consider a 4% starch solution and a 10% starch solution separated by a
Which starch solution will decrease in volume as osmosis occurs?
c) Neither exerts osmotic pressure.
d) They exert equal osmotic pressures.
e) They exert opposite osmotic pressures.
24. According to LeChâtelier’s principle, predict whether adding H2O causes
the system to shift in the direction of reactants, products, or no change.
NH4+(aq) + H2O(l) ↔ NH3(aq) + H3O+(aq)
a) no change
25. Calculate the [H3O+] of the following aqueous solution with the given
[OH−]: milk, 2.1×10−8 M
26. Which of the following is a buffer system? 1 pt
a) HCl(aq) and NaOH(aq)
b) H2CO3(aq) and KHCO3(aq)
c) NaCl(aq) and NaOH(aq)
d) H2O(l) and HCl(aq)
e) NaCl(aq) and NaNO3(aq)