**Pre-Lab Questions:**

- In your own words, describe how to calculate density.

Click here to enter text. - Explain why the metric system is used in science.

Click here to enter text. - In any given experiment, how is it possible for your experimental technique to be both accurate and precise?

Click here to enter text. - If you are changing M to cm, what direction do you move the decimal point?

**Experiment 1: Metric Measurement Lab **

**Table 1: Length of Materials**

Material | Meters (m) | Centimeters (cm) | Millimeters (mm) | Kilometers (km) |

Diameter of penny | 0.01905m | 1.905 | 19.05 | 1.905*10^-5 |

Height of counter/table | 0.762m | Click here to enter text. | Click here to enter text. | 7.62*10^-4 |

Width of textbook | 0.219 | 21.9cm | 219mm | 2.19*10^-4 |

Length of room | 2.4m to 3.6m | 240cm to 360cm | 2400mm to 3600mm | 0.24km to 0.36km |

Table 2: Mass of Materials

Material | Grams (g) | Centigrams (cg) | Milligrams (mg) | Kilograms (kg) |

Mass of a penny | 2.5g | 250cg | 2500mg | 2.5*10^-3 |

Mass of empty 10 ml graduated cylinder | 2.58g | 258cg | 2580mg | 2.58*10^-3 |

Mass of 10 mL graduated cylinder with 10 mL water | 36.5g | 3650cg | 2,580,000mg | 0.0365 |

Mass of a pencil | 8kg | 800cg | 8000mg | 8*10^-3 |

Table 3: Volume of Materials

Volume | Liters (L) | Centiliters (cL) | Millileters (mL) | Kiloleters (kL) |

2 mL | 0.002 | 0.2 | 2 | 0.000002 |

5 mL | 0.005 | 0.5 | 5 | 0.000005 |

6 mL | 0.006 | 0.6 | 6 | 0.000006 |

9 mL | 0.009 | 0.9 | 9 | 0.000009 |

Post-Lab Questions

- In the metric system what unit of measurement is used for volume?

Click here to enter text. - Describe the table that you measured and how the measurement was conducted.

Click here to enter text. - Why were you asked to use a 10 mL graduated cylinder to measure volume instead of a 250 mL beaker?

Click here to enter text. - Describe the room you measured and how the measurement was conducted.

Click here to enter text.**Experiment 2: Density of a Gummy Bear**

Table 4A: Day 1 Mass Data

Materials | Grams (g) |

A. Weight of Paper Towel | 2.1g |

B. Weight of Paper Towel with Gummy Bear | 6.5g |

Weight of Gummy Bear (A-B) | *Record this Value in Table 5 |

Table 4B: Day 2 Mass Data

Materials | Grams (g) |

A. Weight of Paper Towel | 3.0g |

B. Weight of Paper Towel with Gummy Bear | 7.4g |

Weight of Gummy Bear (A-B) | *Record this Value in Table 5 |

Table 5: Density Gummy Bear Data

Day | Start Time | Stop Time | Bear Color | Head to Toe Length (cm) | Arm to Arm Width (cm) | Front to Back Thickness (cm) | Volume (cm^{3}) | Mass (g) | Density (g/ cm^{3)} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Day 1 | 1700 | n/a | orange | 2.3cm | 0.8cm | 1.3cm | 1.794cm3 | 2.1g | 1.17g/cm3 |

Day 2 | n/a | 1700 | tan | 2.8cm | 0.9cm | 1.2cm | 3.024cm3 | 3.0g | 0.99g/cm3 |

Difference (Day 1- Day 2) | n/a | n/a | Much paler | 0.5cm | 0.1cm | 0.1cm | 1.23cm3 | 0.9g | 0.18g/cm3 |

**Post-Lab Questions:**

- What was your hypothesis as to what would happen to the gummy bear? Was it correct?

Click here to enter text. - How long did your gummy bear soak? What do you think would have happened if you left it in for twice as long?

Click here to enter text. - Which change was greater, volume or mass? Explain your answer using scientific logic.

Click here to enter text. - Which piece of information recorded in the data table do you think is least important? Explain why you think this is and why it had no effect on the results of the experiment.

Click here to enter text. - How did the changes in mass and volume from Day 1 to Day 2 affect the density of your bear?

Click here to enter text. - How could you get more accurate results from this lab? List and explain one way you could reduce your errors.

Click here to enter text.

Using the sheet of graph paper in your kit, create a bar graph using the data in Table 5 to compare the density obtained for each day studied. You can also use a graphing program to create this graph.

**Hint:** In order to scale the graph, you take the range of the numbers (the highest number and the lowest number), subtract them and divide by the number of lines on your graph. This will tell you how to divide up your graph evenly so it’s not all squished onto one area of the graph.

**Hint:** The dependent variable is placed on the Y axis when the independent variable is placed on the X axis. When you create your graph, remember that the X and Y axes need to be labeled and you should give a title to your graph.

Insert a picture of your graph.